Real-time multi-messenger analysis with KM3NeT

Stage numéro : Doctorat-1922-KM-01
Laboratoire :Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille Case 902
 163 avenue de Luminy - 13288 Marseille Cedex 9
Directeur :Cristinel Diaconu - 04.91.82.72.01 - diaconu@cppm.in2p3.fr
Correspondant :William Gillard - 04.91.82.72.67 - gillard@cppm.in2p3.fr
Groupe d'accueil :KM3NeT
Chef de groupe :Vincent Bertin - 04.91.82.72.61 - bertin@cppm.in2p3.fr
Directeur de thèse :Damien Dornic, Vincent Bertin - 04 91 82 72 86 - dornic@cppm.in2p3.fr, bertin@cppm.in2p3.fr

Thématique : Astroparticules

Neutrinos are unique messengers to study the high-energy Universe as they are neutral and stable, interact weakly and therefore travel directly from their point of creation to the Earth without absorption. Nowadays, the sources of very high-energy cosmic rays are still unknown. The detection of a neutrino signal is a direct evidence of the sources and the proof of the hadronic mechanism that produced the cosmic rays.

KM3NeT is the second-generation neutrino detector in the Mediterranean Sea. It will be distributed in two sites: a low energy site ORCA in France (5 GeV-10 TeV) and a high energy site ARCA in Italy (1 TeV-10 PeV). Both detectors will have a sensitivity largely improved compared to ANTARES at low and high energies. The French site is located at 2500 m depth in the Mediterranean Sea, 40 km off Toulon close-by ANTARES. The infrastructure is already deployed in both sites and the first lines should be deployed by the end of 2018. The completion of the KM3NeT is expected to be achieved around 2023. High-energy neutrino physics is a young and an almost unexplored field, which owns much discovery potentials. IceCube, a complementary neutrino detector in the South Pole has already discovered the first cosmic neutrinos. This guaranties to have neutrino signal detections in KM3NeT.

The main goal of the thesis is to develop the real-time multi-messenger analysis in the two KM3NeT detectors to look for transient sources such as flares of blazar, gamma-ray bursts, fast radio bursts, supernovae… To achieve this goal, the student will work in the development of the real-time analysis framework. The student will have to implement efficient selection of neutrinos over the atmospheric backgrounds. These neutrino streams can then be used to look for time and space correlation with external triggers from electromagnetic transients, gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos. For the most interesting neutrinos, the student will also participate to the development of the alert sending system and the multi-wavelength follow-ups (radio, visible, X-ray and VHE). With this method, one neutrino could lead to a major discovery. In addition to the track event topology resulting from muon neutrino events, already exploited by ANTARES, KM3NeT event reconstructions will allow using cascade events (electron and tau neutrinos) with a quite good angular precision.

As CPPM is the host lab of KM3NeT, the student will participate to the installation during sea campaigns, the calibration and the data analysis of the first lines. The candidate should therefore have a good background in astroparticle physics and astrophysics and interest in the data analysis. The analyses will be performed using C++, python and Root on Linux platforms.

[1] KM3NeT: http://www.km3net.org

[2] https://www.cppm.in2p3.fr/web/fr/recherche/astroparticules/